The threat to motorists’ safety isn’t roads

April 18, 2017

Investigative Reports

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Please stay on the line if you want to make driving dangerous


In the seemingly interminable debate about funding for roads in South Carolina, with the latest gas-tax hike up for floor debate today in the state Senate, we’re often told that billions of dollars must be taxed or borrowed, and spent, in order to make the roads safer and more efficient.

There is something both common and peculiar about believing that all problems can be solved by raising and spending revenue from a regressive tax or going deeper into debt for a generation or more, but still, one has to define the problem in order to solve it: That is to say, why are the roads unsafe?

Among the several factors that may make them so, the roughness of them, the thing roadwork might address, seems to be a lesser one.

Anecdotal evidence has suggested for some time now that a much bigger factor is the behavior of drivers, not roads: in particular, distracted driving, which comes down mostly to people using their phones while driving.

Until now, we had very little data to back up what many assumed was true.

Now we have some.

Zendrive, a company that “uses the sensors on a smartphone to measure and improve driving behavior,” was able to study “actual device use among 3.1 million drivers over 5.6 billion miles of driving,” between December 2016 and February 2017.

It published its findings Monday.

This, it says, is the largest distracted driving behavior study yet undertaken: “There are many small scale distracted driving reports, but their conclusions vary and their statistical robustness is questionable. This topic is too important to leave ambiguous.”

Zendrive found that  in 88 percent of trips, drivers made at least some use of their phones. On average, drivers spent 3.5 minutes per hour on their devices. In other words, Americans use their phones nearly every single time they get behind the wheel.

“We started with some commonsense assumptions,” writes report author Noah Budnick, Zendrive’s director of public policy and government affairs:

On the report’s list of most distracted states, South Carolina came in at 14th, just ahead of the District of Columbia and just behind Connecticut. The least distracted state was Oregon; the most distracted, Vermont.

South Carolina has had a law since 2014 that motorists cannot text using a handheld device while driving. (They can still dial and speak on a cellphone while driving, which is some of the activity Zendrive has captured.) The maximum fine for a single infraction is $25, among the lowest in the country (in Georgia, it’s $150; in North Carolina, $230), and violations cannot be included in DMV or SLED records or be reported to insurers. Since its inception, the Highway Patrol has written 1,939 tickets for it.

There is a bill in the state House, currently resting in committee, that would make it unlawful “to drive a motor vehicle while engaged in any activity that materially and appreciably impairs a driver’s faculties to drive a motor vehicle.” It’s not clear whether this would include talking on a cell phone. It would carry a maximum penalty of a $500 fine and could only be charged if ” the driver is observed violating another motor vehicle offense due to his being distracted by activities performed in the motor vehicle.”

It’s not certain, however, that this is a threat to safety that can be mitigated by harsher laws or steeper penalties.

California, Delaware, Hawaii, Illinois, Maryland, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, Washington, and West Virginia prohibit the use of hand-held cellphones while driving. So do Connecticut and DC, which bracket South Carolina on the list of distracted states. So does Oregon, which was the least distracted — and so does Vermont, which was the most.

What seems to be clearer is that one of the greatest threats to the safety of motorists is unlikely to be addressed by raising the gas tax or by the state Department of Transportation (or the Transportation Infrastructure Bank) spending billions more dollars on roads, especially on new roads, which will inevitably lead to more people driving more cars as they use their phones.

One curious thing about the Zendrive report is that in the day or so since its release, despite its arguably eye-opening finding, it hasn’t gotten more coverage. Perhaps we just don’t want to know that, when it comes to motorists’ safety, the problem isn’t really roads.

It’s us.

Nerve stories are always free to reprint and repost. We only ask that you credit The Nerve.
  • swampland

    A ban on cell phone usage while driving would save lives but would do little for politicians in search of the adulation that comes with bringing home bacon to their districts. For that you need road projects.

  • Positivedifference54

    No surprise here. Take your eyes off of a SC road could cost you your life. Roads that are too narrow, not properly marked, vegetation up to the edge line and poor line of sight issues all over. When you drive a vehicle, drive the vehicle and do the other stuff when you get stopped.

    • swampland

      Sounds like we need to take more money from the taxpayers or, perhaps, go borrow some from Wall Street.

      • Positivedifference54

        Well the roads can’t improve themselves. Based on the number of miles I have traveled on SC State roads I have observed too many times where drivers drive left of center to avoid the potholes and rough pavement along the edge. Too many state roads are too narrow, are in horrible shape and the ditch is about 12 to 18 inches from the chewed up pavement.

        • swampland

          The taxpayers need to get real, open up their wallets, and have faith in the honesty and integrity of all those selfless government officials doing the Lord’s work in Columbia.

          • William Morgan

            Perhaps the Lords work is being done in Columbia by selfless public servants…However, here in Berkeley Baphomet County, our public servants are far from selfless…more accurately, they are soul less, self important Masonic mafia. Said criminals need to be reminded who is supporting their kids, and funding their retirement.

  • dm10ae

    Roadways need constant maintenance whether it be cutting grass and maintaining ditches or repairing potholes. One particular stretch of road has a deep ditch along the roadway with very little shoulder, 1 foot or so, if weeds or grass are equaled height in both ditch and shoulder you think you have more area to pull off the road-but find yourself in a 5 foot deep ditch.

  • Timothy Wyld

    I don’t believe for one second that the money taken from motorist’s via increased gas taxes will be spent efficiently on SC roads. The decision making process is beyond corrupt. Need a system that ensures that the roads and bridges in the neediest areas will receive funding. Won’t happen under the current structure or the structure with minor adjustments in the bill.

    • William Morgan

      Amen brother!

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